Though not used as much today as it was in the past, Catapres (clonidine) remains an important treatment option for some patients with mild to moderate hypertension, especially if they haven't had good blood pressure control with other medicines. While many high blood pressure medicines have some side effects involving the kidneys—which may change blood flow to the kidney or affect how the kidney filters waste from the blood—Catapres does not. This makes it especially useful for treating people who have high blood pressure along with some kind of kidney disease. Catapres belongs to a class of drugs called centrally acting alpha agonists. These drugs work by stimulating special receptors in the brain called alpha receptors. This causes a change in the body's hormone levels that leads to relaxation of the blood vessels, thus lowering blood pressure. There is another class of anti-hypertension medicines called alpha blockers, but these drugs work on different types of alpha receptors in different locations within the body. Because clonidine can cause salt and water retention, it is usually given along with a diuretic. Clonidine tablets (Catapres) are used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Clonidine extended-release (long-acting) tablets (Kapvay) are used alone or in combination with other medications as part of a treatment program to control symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; more difficulty focusing, controlling actions, and remaining still or quiet than other people who are the same age) in children. Clonidine is in a class of medications called centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agents. Clonidine treats high blood pressure by decreasing your heart rate and relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily through the body. Clonidine extended-release tablets may treat ADHD by affecting the part of the brain that controls attention and impulsivity. High blood pressure is a common condition and when not treated, can cause damage to the brain, heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body. Damage to these organs may cause heart disease, a heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, loss of vision, and other problems. Diflucan to buy uk Nolvadex vs arimidex Azithromycin malaria Viagra use directions Clonidine is the generic name of Catapres, a medication used to treat high blood pressure. Clonidine works by slowing down your heart rate. Am J Med. 1983 Feb;742193-200. Clonidine raises blood pressure in severe idiopathic orthostatic hypotension. Robertson D, Goldberg MR, Hollister AS. Hi Anthony, Just to key off on what Tamu posted. As we age, the tendancy is for the systolic, or first higher number, to go up. Apparently this is due to the pipes stiffening and as they become less elastic and more rigid, the pressure rises. Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to. In addition to the use of this medicine, treatment for your high blood pressure may include weight control and changes in the types of foods you eat, especially foods high in sodium (salt). Your doctor will tell you which of these are most important for you. You should check with your doctor before changing your diet. Many patients who have high blood pressure will not notice any signs of the problem. It is very important that you take your medicine exactly as directed and that you keep your appointments with your doctor even if you feel well. It’s available as a patch, an oral tablet, and an oral extended-release tablet. Clonidine extended-release tablets are available as the brand-name drug Kapvay. Clonidine extended-release tablets are used to treat symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This drug may be used as part of a combination therapy. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand. That means you may need to take it with other drugs. Clonidine belongs to a class of drugs called centrally acting alpha-agonists. It isn’t known exactly how clonidine extended-release tablets work to reduce symptoms of ADHD. We do know that clonidine works in the part of the brain that helps regulate behavior, attention, and how we express emotion. However, this effect might go away the longer you take it. Mild side effects may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if they’re more severe or don’t go away. 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JNC 7 Express The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, affects nearly a third of all hypertension, too much force is exerted on the arteries as blood is pumped through.